This project contains details of how the earth has been affected by climate change caused by global warming over the years and how people continue to make it worse by pursuing harmful environmental activities around the world. The effects and prevention of such harmful changes are stated next to the definition and treatment of the same.
1) CLIMATE – Weather conditions that exist in the universe or in the long term.
2) GLOBAL WARMING – The gradual increase in global warming is often the result of global warming caused by rising levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
3) SUSTAINABILITY – the ability to be maintained at a certain level or level.
4) EMISSION- The production and release of something, especially gas or radiation.
5) METEROLOGISTS- a science branch responsible for the processes and conditions of the atmosphere, especially as a means of forecasting the weather.
6) CLIMATEOLOGIST- A meteorologist examines weather patterns for a period of time. Their work is similar to that of astronomers but focuses on the longevity of the process, researching styles in months, years or centuries.
Introduction to Global warming
Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a marked increase in the Earth’s temperature, which changes weather patterns and the environment over time. It is directly linked to the increase in greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, which makes the impact of heat much worse. In fact, the average global temperature rose by 0.8º Celsius (33.4 ° Fahrenheit) compared with the end of the 19th century. Each of the last three decades has been the warmest of the last decade since the beginning of mathematical research in 1850. With the current release of CO2, scientists expect an increase between 1.5 ° and 5.3 ° C (34.7 ° to 41.5 ° F) at temperatures between 2100. If no action is taken, it could have catastrophic consequences for mankind and the biosphere.
The effect of the greenhouse is natural. However, the increase in greenhouse gases is related to human activities. It is not surprising, then, that the world’s leading meteorologists believe that human activity may be a major cause of global warming since the middle of the twentieth century, largely because of
Excessive use of fossil fuels is apparently the primary source of global warming, as burning coals, oil, and gas produce carbon dioxide – the most important greenhouse gases in the atmosphere – and nitrous oxide. Deforestation plays a major role in climate change. Trees help control the weather by absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. When cut down, the good effect is lost and the carbon stored in the trees is released into the atmosphere.
Another cause of global warming is intensive farming, not just for growing livestock, but also for crop protection products and fertilizers. In fact, cattle and sheep produce large amounts of methane when digesting their food, while manure produces nitrous oxide emissions.
Waste management methods such as landfill and fire burning emit heat and toxic gases – including methane – emitted into the atmosphere, soil and water, contributing to the increase in the effect of heat.
Modern life depends largely on the mining and metallurgical industry. Metals and minerals are the raw materials used in the construction, transport and production of goods. From emissions to delivery, this market makes up 5% of all greenhouse gas emissions.
Finally, overuse plays a key role in climate change. In fact, it is responsible for the overuse of natural resources and emissions from global logistics, which contribute to global warming.
Biodiversity: Rising temperatures and climate change are affecting the environment; change the conditions and cycles of plant production. Lack of resources and climate change are changing lifestyles and animal migration cycles. We are already seeing the extinction of many species – including only extinct species – or, on the other hand, the invasion of invasive species that threatens plants and other animals. Global warming, therefore, is contributing to biodiversity. It is the balance of biodiversity that is altered and threatened. According to the IPCC, an increase of between 1.5 ° C (34.7 ° F) could put 20-30% of the species at risk of extinction. If the planet is warmer than 2 ° C, most living things will suffer.
Oceans: As a result of global warming, glaciers and glaciers melt heavily on poles, raising sea levels to an unprecedented level. In a century, the increase has reached 18 cm (including 6 cm 20 years ago). The worst situation is to climb up to 1m by 2100.
Sea acidification is also a major concern. In fact, the large amount of CO2 seized by the oceans makes them highly acidic, raising serious questions about the evolution of marine shells or coral reefs.
People: People are not saved by these conflicts. Climate change is affecting the global economy. It is already shaking the social, health and spatial dimensions in many parts of the world. Lack of resources such as food and energy causes new conflicts.
Rising sea levels and floods are causing migration. The smaller islands are on the front row. The estimated number of refugees in 2050 is 250 million people.
The weather: For decades now, meteorologists and meteorologists around the world have been monitoring the effects of global warming. And the impact is huge: too much drought and heat waves, too much rain, too many natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, typhoons and wildfires, the dry season, etc.
- Renewable energy: The first way to prevent climate change is to stay away from energy. What are some alternatives? Renewable energy such as solar, wind, biomass and geothermal.
- Water efficiency and efficiency: Producing clean energy is important, but reducing our energy and water consumption by using more efficient devices (eg LED lights, new shower systems) is less expensive and equally important.
- Sustainable mobility: Promoting public transportation, automotive transportation, but also electricity and hydrogen transportation, can certainly help reduce CO2 emissions and thus combat global warming.
- Sustainable infrastructure: To reduce CO2 emissions from buildings – caused by heat, cold air, hot water or lighting – it is necessary to build low-power buildings, and repair existing buildings.
- Sustainable agriculture and forestry management:
Encouraging better use of natural resources, stopping large-scale deforestation and making agriculture greener and more efficient should also be a priority.
- Proper use and reuse: Adherence to proper use habits is important, whether in the form of food (especially meat), clothing, cosmetics or cleaning products. Finally, recycling is a complete requirement to deal with garbage.
1) Kyoto protocol
2) PPP Law
3) Indian Environmental Laws and Acts
1) The Kyoto Protocol
a) The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in December 1997 at the third Conference of the Parties (COP 3) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is the most important agreement in the world of nature. In addition to its importance as a landmark in the world’s efforts to combat climate change, it has a major impact on development policy and forms a new component of global economic planning. As part of a successful global governance, the Kyoto Protocol is a symbol and serves as a model.
b) 192 states have ratified the Convention. EU member states submitted their certification instruments by 31 May 2002. Among the developed countries, only the United States and Australia have not ratified the Protocol. Australia voluntarily intends to reduce its emissions to the level that would have been required if it had ratified the Kyoto Protocol agreement. Most emerging economies and developing countries, including China, India and Brazil, have ratified the Protocol.
c) Through the Kyoto Protocol, the international community for the first time agreed on a set of goals and measures to combat climate change. The Kyoto Protocol describes the global installation of greenhouse gas emissions. Developed countries recognize their historical responsibility for global warming: therefore, (there are developing countries) taking the first step with a commitment to reduce pollution in the first half of the 2008-2012 commitment.
d) Developed countries have realized their historical responsibility for global warming: therefore, (and initially not developing countries) they have taken the first step with a commitment to reduce pollution in the first half of the 2008-2012 commitment. In addition to cutting off its issuance, countries have three flexible instruments to help achieve this goal: Emissions Trading (global trade in export rights), Joint Implementation (technology development and transfer) and the Clean Development Mechanism (implementation initiatives in developing countries).
2) PPP LAW (Polluter Pays Principle)
a) The Polluter Pays Principle was first introduced in 1972 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Guiding Principles on International Economic Policy for Environmental Policy in which pollution was held under pollution. Subsequently, the Rio Declaration set out guidelines for sustainable development which means a strategy to meet the needs of the current generation without compromising the needs of the next generation. To further the goal of sustainable development the Rio Declaration Principle 16 of the Rio Declaration incorporated the policy of Polluter Pays which states that pollutants must bear the cost of pollution.
b) The Indian Judiciary has filed a Polluter Pays Principle as being part of the Environmental Law regime is reflected in these appeals judgments.
• Indian Council of Enviro-Legal Action vs. Union of India 1996 (3) SCC 212
The Court held that if the work performed is dangerous or inherently harmful, the person performing the work is liable to compensate for the losses incurred by another person in his or her work regardless of the proper care performed while performing his or her duties. The law refers specifically to the type of work being done.
• Oleum Gas Leak Case (M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India) AIR 1987 SC 1086
The Court held that a business that engages in hazardous or hazardous business that could endanger the health and safety of factory workers and those living in the vicinity, owes a full and undisclosed work to ensure that no damage is done to anyone as a An entity is fully liable to compensate for any damages and notwithstanding any other reasonable consideration made to its account. As a business grows and prospers more, it should be the amount of compensation paid for damages incurred as a result of carrying out dangerous or hazardous work performed by an entity.
3) Indian Environmental Laws and Acts
A) India’s constitution lays the foundation for all environmental laws. The “Directive Principles of State Policy” obligates the entire State to “strive to protect and enhance the environment and to protect the country’s forests and wildlife”.
b) The six laws relating to the protection of wildlife and wildlife are: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; Forest Act (Conservation), 1980; Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Water Act (Pollution Prevention and Control), 1974; Air Law (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1981 and The Indian Forest Act, 1927.
c) The Environmental Protection Act (1986) empowers the central government to protect and improve the quality of the environment, to regulate and reduce pollution from all sources, and to prevent or restrict the placement and / or operation of any industrial environment for environmental reasons.
d) Protect the forest, its flowers, its animals and various other species. Protect the integrity, territory and personality of the forest. Protecting forests and preventing deforestation that will lead to land erosion and subsequent landslides. Preventing deforestation in the forest.
e) The main purpose of the Wildlife Act is to protect wildlife, birds and plants. The law empowers the Central Govt. declaring certain places as sanctuaries or National Parks. The law prohibits poaching; birds etc and impose a penalty for the same violation.
f) The Water Act is enacted for the purpose of protection and control of pollution in India. The Act seeks to preserve or restore a good water environment for the establishment of Boards and to give them such powers to enable them to achieve the objects of the Act.
g) The main purpose of the Air protection act, 1981, is to provide clean air to citizens and the main objectives are: a) It provides that air pollution in any form is prevented and controlled. … b) Provides for the establishment of national and international air and pollution control boards.
h) Both the 1878 and 1927 acts sought to consolidate and maintain forest cover areas, or important wildlife, to control the movement and movement of forest products, and to pay for timber and other forest products.
1) In conclusion, we need to participate and try to prevent global warming and other effects on climate change. If global temperatures continue to rise in the future, life on earth could suffer as a result of global warming.
2) Replacing our major energy sources with clean and renewable energy. Solar, Wind, Geothermal and biomass could be the solution. Our modes of transportation should be in line with environmental requirements and reduce their carbon footprint.