COOKIES, PRIVACY AND CYBER SECURITY


By- Diksha Barrot
ABSTRACT
Cyber crimes in Republic of India square measure speedily increasing because of intensive use of internet. It has caused heaps of injury to an individual, organization and even to government. Dependency on internet for on-line searching, on-line banking, social media, etc. is rising as a significant threat to its users. Instead of progressing to malls and shop individual notice it simple and convenient to buy online additionally it’s somewhere become a trend to shop on-line. This trend of on-line searching from numerous sites is getting used by hackers to hack their customers IP addresses and misuse them. Also, the Social media is acting as a awful smart platform for cyber attackers to explore for their numerous physiological and psychological desires. Although Initiative square measure are being taken by numerous authorities to curb the increase in cyber crimes, still it is changing into a great threat for innocent individuals in the society who are unaware of such attacks on them. Even though they comprehend the cyber attack they don’t know about where to file a complaint. Thus, leading to delay in justice.
Information technology act ,2000 and numerous provisions of IPC provides for punishments of such offences of cyber crime, however in country like Republic of India with massive population it is terribly troublesome to curb crimes like law- breaking. We want to possess self control for better society. This paper is an endeavor to supply a glimpse on cyber crime in Republic of India and penalization for cyber attackers.

KEYWORDS
Cyber crime, Internet, Social Media, On-line searching, Information Technology Act, 2000, Indian Penal Code
INTRODUCTION
It is justify saying that everything includes a value coupled with it so that the case with growing quality and increasing demands of digital networks. In the modern world, where everybody wants to be superior in terms of status, knowledge, fashion, etc. has led to the increase in the use of the electronic gadgets that provides them with a great sense of satisfaction. Due to the benefit, convenience and swift in the communication and dealing businesses and societies square measure counting on this digital networks. As a result of that cyber crimes have inflated in multiple numbers.
Cyber crimes are technology based crimes where laptop or internet itself is self employed as a weapons or means that to commit such crimes. They are organized and skilled crimes like hacking, phishing, data theft, identity theft, fraud etc. Such form of crimes square measure committed with the assistance of technology and cyber criminals have a deep understanding of technology.
Over, 3,13,000 cyber security incidents were reportable in 2019 alone, in step with Indian Computer Emergency Response Team(CERT-In), the government agency responsible for tracking and responding to cyber security threats.
Here we have a tendency to discuss some cyber incidents that spiked within the recent years:
➢ HACKING:
Hacking is that form of Cyber Crime where a person (who intends to hack), gets the control/access over the computer system of the opposite on whom he needs to attack. This act of Hacking destroys the complete knowledge of the system as well as computer programmes. The most target of Hackers is typically Telecommunications and Mobile phones.
HACKERS DELIVERS 180 MILLION DOMINOS REPUBLIC OF INDIA PIZZA ORDERS TO DARK
WEB: A hundred and eighty million Domino’s India orders are up for purchasable on the dark net, according to Alon Gal, CTO of Cyber Intelligence firm Hudson Rock: Reportable April 2021.
Its impact: Hackers got access to 1 Million credit cards records and 180 Million pizza references.
COVID 19 RESULT OF INDIAN PATIENTS LEAKED ONLINE: Covid 19 science laboratories check results of thousands of Indian patients have been leaked online: Reportable January 2021
Its impact: Leaked knowledge has not been placed up for sale in Dark net Forums, however is publically accessible due to Google compartmentalization COVID 19 science laboraties check results.
PUNISHMENT FOR HACKING: As per section 66 of IT Act, penalization for hacking is imprisonment upto 3 years or fine which can reach a pair to hundred thousand rupees or both. ‘
• PHISHING:
In phishing, the client of monetory establishment gets the uninvited e- mails requesting them to enter their username, password, or other such personal information that provides the access of their account to fraudsters for casual reasons. E-mails are sent to the targeted customers so cleanly that it becomes terribly troublesome for a typical man to observe its believability. Customers are directed to a dishonorable duplication of the initial institution’s website once they click on link given within the mail and so they continue to be unaware of the cyber attack tried on them. Fraudsters then gets the access to customer’s on-line bank account and therefore the funds contained in this account.
Mumbai-based cyber security firm Sequretek, says in Covid-hit 2020, Republic of India has seen a 4000% spike in phishing emails and a 400% uptake within the variety of policy violations that have grown over 400% as per the newest statistics.
PUNISHMENT FOR FISHING: Punishable offence beneath Section 43 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 with penalty up to Rs. 1 Crore.
• CYBER STALKING
Cyber stalking is an activity in which a person or maltreater or stalker stalks or harass another person or victim by misusing the web or electronic media. In cyber stalking a stalker might contact an individual either by an email, social media, messaging apps or other online media. To harass an individual a stalker might post messages, footage or information on-line about a person. Some may additionally track location or on-line activities.
Though cyber stalkers do not stalk the aggrieved person physically but they do commit this offence digitally. The cyber stalkers do adopt every kind of technological and digital instruments assault but it is an emotional assault and harassment which is carried out by using electronic media. However, the provisions provided to it are different than real-life situations.
PUNISHMENT FOR CYBER STALKING: Information Technology Act, 2000 – once someone publishes or sends scandalous material via electronic media is to be charged under Section 67 of the Act. Data protection is incredibly important to avert cyber stalking which is easily leaked by hackers. For data protection, IT Amendment Act, Section 43A has been included the provision for the inclusion of a Body Corporate. If a firm or a corporation transmits sensitive information about a person, according to the act such body corporate which are going to be the susceptible to pay the reparation by compensation. Under Section 67 of the Act, when a stalker sends or posts any obscene content to the victim via electronic media then they will be liable to punish with 5 years of jail and Rs. 1 Lakh fine. If the incidence repeats then they are going to be susceptible penalize with 10 years of jail and Rs.
2 Lakh fine.
CAUSES OF CYBER ATTACKS:
Today each and every person from a school going child to an old retired person everyone is dependent on technology based products. Their preferences may differ according to their age or the work they perform but dependency on internet is still the same. Intensive use of internet, mobile phones, ATM Machines, etc. leads to increase in cyber crimes.
• The use of ATM Machines have provided so much ease to customers that their ease is now becoming dangerous to its customers. Due to spike in ATM cloning. ATM Cloning is a crime where the data of the debit card and credit card is hacked by using skimmers inside the machine where the card is inserted.
• The trend of online shopping is at its peak and so as the cyber attacks related to it. Online shopping facilitates customers by providing home services much cheaper and providing more options to choose from. Thus, it is convenient for the people to shop online without spending their valuable time in markets. There is risk in ordering things online as you cannot guarantee the material, but online shopping systems have good return policies also. But the greatest concern here is of privacy and security which is hampered by online shopping.
• Social media is sweet gift from western countries. Even country like USA is not able to control cyber crimes. Hence, they have started taking strict security steps. Outcome of these steps will be known only in future. The basic question is about attitude to control any kind of crimes. India could have adopted western model in this regard. But we miss that opportunity.
Information about user’s activity on the Web is being recorded and there is privacy losses.
Many users are not aware about it. Web users leave a “data shadow” with information about what they read, where they shop, what they buy, whom they keep in touch with and so on. High-volume server can track significant information about a user’s browsing habits. Many advertising companies share user profiles and build enormous databases containing users and their data shadows. Various cells have been established in India to keep a check on such activities and detect them as soon as possible but still detecting such crimes and such fraudsters is not at all an easy task as they are well known technicians with good knowledge of softwares and their working. Some Government agencies are also initiating steps to curb the rise in cyber attacks.
PREVENTION:
• FIREWALL
• OPERATIONG SYSTEM MUST BE UP-TO-DATE
• UP-TO-DATE ANTI-VIRUS AND ANTI-SPWARE
• USE A POP UP ADVERTISING BLOCKER
• USE STRONG PASSWORDS
• SECURE WIRELESS NETWORK
• USE REPUTABLE WEBSITES AND MOBILE APPLICATIONS
• AVOID CLICKING ON UNEXPEXTED AND UNUSUAL LINKS

CONCLUSION:
Use of technology has given us so much ease and luxury that we have become most addicted to them. Excess of everything is bad , this we have heard from our childhood . Even in this case , where new innovations in technology is considered to be so useful and great for everyone be it an individual, corporation or any government sector , its excess of use is becoming a threat for them. Cyber attacks are rising at such a pace that it becomes terribly troublesome to control them especially in a country like India. Though many cyber cells are working on it , but there is a delay in justice due to various factors like dependency on foreign agencies, difficulty in tracking from where the attack has been committed and to detect the fraudster because cyber crime has no boundaries.

REFERENCES:
1)Image Source: https://m.economictimes.com/tech/technology/cyber-attackers-targeting-pharma-cos-for-covid-19-data-cyfirma/articleshow/81223191.cms

2)cyber security jobs: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com

  1. http://www.cybersecuritycareers.com/%5D
  2. http://techinasia.com
    5)https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/India-phishing-attack/news/8/8

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